Diagnosis And Treatment Of Sickle Cell

Diagnosis Of Sickle Cell

The following procedures can be adopted in diagnosing sickle cell in children and adults:

  • severe pain in the bones, most times it begins in the hands and feet
  • anemia
  • painful enlargement of the spleen
  • painful enlargement of the spleen
  • growth problems
  • respiratory infections
  • ulcers of the legs
  • heart problems
  • Researching for a detailed patient History
  • Blood test samplings; several blood tests can be used to look for SCD, for example:
  1. blood counts can reveal an abnormal Hb level in the range of 6 to 8 g/dL
  2. blood films may show RBCs that appear as irregularly contracted cells
  3. sickle solubility tests look for the presence of Hb S
  4. Hb Electrophoresis; this measures the various types of haemoglobin in the blood

Treatment Of Sickle Cell

Although there are various procedures for diagnosing Sickle cell, there are also several treatments and procedures of managing sickle cell:

  • Antibiotics like penicillin may be given from 2 months of age to 5 years. They help prevent pneumonia in sickle cell patients.
  • Supplemental oxygen is given through a mask. It makes breathing easier and improves oxygen levels in the blood.
  • Pain medication is used to relieve the pain during a sickle crisis. You may need over-the-counter drugs or strong prescription pain medication like morphine.
  • Hydroxyurea helps to increase production of fetal hemoglobin. It may reduce the number of blood transfusions.
  • Immunizations can help prevent infections. Patients tend to have lower immunity.
  • Surgery may be used to treat persistent and painful erections.
  • Bone marrow transplant has been used to treat sickle cell anemia. Children younger than 16 years of age who have severe complications and have a matching donor are the best candidates.
  • Blood transfusions can also treat sickle cell anemia. Packed red cells are removed from donated blood and given to patients. This improves transport of oxygen and nutrients.

  • You can also result to home care by providing these forms of health care:
  • Use heating pads for pain relief.
  • Take folic acid supplements, as recommended by your doctor.
  • Adequate fruits, vegetables, and whole-wheat grains are important and can help your body make more RBCs.
  • Drink more water to reduce the chances of sickle cell crises.
  • Exercise regularly and reduce stress to reduce crises, too.
  • Support groups can also help you deal with this condition. Join CrimsonBow Whatsapp Support Group today by clicking on this link https://chat.whatsapp.com/84SXigRrIYp0CCTNFyL6Z4

 

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